A new taste horizon: mushrooms as an innovative meat alternative with Clitec mushroom growing chambers.

Global demand for meat as a staple food has increased significantly in recent years due to population growth and economic progress. However, concerns about the negative impact of meat consumption on health and the environment have led more and more people to adopt vegetarian or flexitarian diets. As a result, food scientists and the food industry are increasingly looking for alternatives to meat, including plant- and mushroom-based meat substitutes. This article is dedicated to the role of mushrooms as a sustainable and nutritious meat substitute.

The need for meat alternatives

The growing global demand for meat is accompanied by various health problems such as increased risk of zoonotic diseases, chronic diseases, and health problems associated with air pollution. In addition, pandemic events such as COVID-19 and the African swine fever outbreak have heightened safety concerns about meat supply chains. For these reasons, there is an increasing need for sustainable protein sources that can replace or reduce the consumption of meat.

The rise of meat alternatives

The market for non-animal meat alternatives, including plant-based, fungus-based, and insect-based products, is expected to grow significantly in the coming years. According to estimates, the market is expected to grow from $4.6 billion in 2018 to $85 billion by 2030. These figures illustrate the enormous potential for the development of innovative meat substitute products. Although plant-based meat substitutes are already widely available, mushroom-based alternatives have received less attention. Mushrooms feature unique flavors, textures and high nutrient density, making them a promising option for meat substitutes. They contain abundant macronutrients such as protein and fiber, and micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals. In addition, mushrooms are endowed with bioactive chemicals that offer potential health benefits.

Material and methods

To develop meat-based minced mushroom substitutes (MMMSs), raw Pleurotus sajor-caju (PSC) mushrooms were washed and dried. A combination of mushrooms, chickpea flour, vital wheat gluten, soy protein isolate, canola oil, beet extract and yeast extract was used to prepare the base formulation for the MMMSs. Precise control of environmental conditions during mushroom cultivation and growth is critical to ensure optimal quality and consistency of raw materials for MMMS production. In this context, the use of Clitec climatic chambers proves to be extremely advantageous. Clitec climate chambers provide a controlled environment where temperature, humidity and lighting conditions can be carefully regulated to create ideal growing conditions for fungi. By using Clitec climate chambers, researchers and manufacturers can optimize the growth parameters of Pleurotus sajor-caju mushrooms, ensuring consistent quality and delivery of raw materials for the production of mushroom-based minced meat substitutes. The integration of Clitec climate chambers into the growing process improves the reliability and scalability of mushroom production and ultimately contributes to the development of sustainable and nutritious MMMSs.

Advantages of using Clitec test chambers

The use of Clitec test chambers offers numerous advantages for mushroom cultivation. Precise control of environmental conditions enables improved product quality, increased efficiency and optimized adaptation of mushroom cultivation for meat substitute products. In addition, the test chambers contribute to the sustainability of mushroom cultivation by enabling efficient use of resources such as water and energy. The scalability of the test chambers also enables increased production of mushrooms as reliable and high-quality raw materials for meat substitute production.


Mushrooms are a promising alternative to meat in the form of meat substitutes. Due to their unique characteristics, such as taste, texture and nutrient density, they offer a sustainable and nutritious alternative to conventional meat. By using Clitec test chambers for mushroom cultivation, optimal growing conditions can be created to ensure consistent quality and supply of mushrooms for the production of meat substitutes. This approach contributes to the development of a sustainable and reliable supply of mushroom-based meat substitutes and supports the transition to a more environmentally friendly diet. The integration of technology and innovation strengthens the potential for sustainable and scalable production of mushroom-based meat substitutes.


Mazumder MAR, Sukchot S, Phonphimai P, Ketnawa S, Chaijan M, Grossmann L, Rawdkuen S. Mushroom legume-based ground beef: physicochemical and sensory properties. Foods. 2023 May 23;12(11):2094. doi: 10.3390/foods12112094. PMID: 37297339; PMCID: PMC10253215.